|Bosanski Novi English|
The territory of the Municipality of Bosanski Novi lies on the boundary between the Pannonian plain and the mountainous and ravine region of the Dinaric Alps, at the very 45° of the northern latitude at 112 to 470 m above sea level. The area of the Municipality of 470 km² covers the valleys of the rivers Una and Sana and the hilly terrain of Podgrmec and Potkozarje (i.e. the areas below Grmec and Kozara Mounts). This was the largest crossroad of Pounje (i.e. the valley of the river Una) in the former Yugoslavia.
History – Bosanski Novi
The town first originated from two settlements: Podnovi and Ustisana under Kulsko Hill on top of which there stood an impregnable castle of acropolis type that belonged to the Dukes of Babobici and served to control the river and road traffic along the Una and Sana rivers. In their advance the Ottomans expelled the garrison of the Croatian feudal lords from the neighboring town of Blagaj and continued with their attacks on the town on Kulsko Hill. Zrinski Dukes also built the town of Novi, Novi for the requirements of their defense against the Ottomans on the left bank of the river Una thus slowing down the Ottoman advance on the west but it did not prevent the terrible plundering of their invading forces that economically ruined the whole region. The Austro-Hungarian garrisons resisted the attacks all until 1556 when, after the fall of Kostajnica, the Turkish noble Malkoc-Bey seized town Novi in 1557.
Upon conquering of Bosanski Novi, the Ottomans turned this fortification into a major military base for their further advance towards Vienna and, for that purpose, in 1726, they built a fortress of dressed, high-quality stone. The fortress was built on an area spreading from the present "Una" Hotel to the Heritage Museum and it was impregnable for the weapons and offensive actions used at the time. Thereafter the border became stable on the river Una and the Ottomans stayed in these regions all until 1878.
In that year, further to the decisions of the Berlin Congress, the Austro-Hungarian Empire occupied these areas. The occupational authorities razed to the ground the Novska fortress in 1894. The following year, for political reasons, the name of Bosanski Novi was administratively changed into Bosanski. i.e. Bosnian Novi that stayed all until 1994 when, further to the decision of the Municipal Assembly, it got its original name of Bosanski Novi.
During thc Ottoman times the first railway track Dobrljin – Banja Luka was built in 1873 which was artfully used by the Austro-Hungarian Empire that connected it to Sisak as early as 1892. That same year the biggest sawmill in the Balkans was constructed in Dobrljin under the name “SIP Dobrljin-Drvar" Joint-Stock Company whose owner was Otto Steinnbeis. Preparations for opening of a brown coal mine Ljesani, owned by Joint-Stock "Una" Company, were made in 1909 which, after it was opened in 1910, changed its name into "Brown Coal Mine Dobrljin - Joint Stock Ljesani Company".
In the summer and fall of 1914, after the breakup of the First World War, the citizens of Bosanski Novi were forcefully mobilized into the Austro-Hungarian army and dispatched to the eastern, western and Balkan fronts. However, the majority of them deserted and voluntarily joined the volunteers of the famous Salonika Front where they took part in the battles on the side of the Serbian units against Austria-Hungary.
After the First World War, within the newly formed state, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, new industrial plants were opened, such as: a company for exploitation of dross called "A. E. Kosanovic", "Sana" gypsum factory)', "Ferhatovic" plough factory, and "Pribicevic-Muftic" brickyard. According to the available data, in 1939, there were 3,800 employed workers primarily owing to the natural resources and a particularly favorable geographic position. The already constructed railroad truck Sisak - Dobrljin - Banja Luka, navigable parts of the river Una up to Bosanski Novi, and of the river Sana up to Prijedor, construction of the railroad truck Bosanski Novi - Bihac in the period from 1915 to 1924, and construction of a thermal electric plant in 1930 particularly contributed to all that.
The Second World War caused the biggest destruction in the history of this region and the greatest human losses for a relatively short period. One can rarely find a region where people so massively and unanimously took part on the side of the People's Liberation Struggle from the very first days all until the end of the War. For that reason the enemy forces, organized two large-scale blood-shedding offensives, the first one in Kozara Mount in June of 1942. and the second one in Grmec Mount in February 1943. The size of those tragedies will never be accurately measured in view of the incomplete data on the number of the inhabitants in 1941. The total losses amounted to 6,900 or 17% of the population of which number there were 1,836 fighters with rifles in their arms. The Municipality gave nine national heroes of which six were killed in battle. Bosanski Novi was particularly well defended by the fascist invaders because its strategic importance was well assessed so that the partisan units did not manage to take it over until May 1, 1945, when Berlin also fell as well as all major cities in the territory of the former Yugoslavia.
The problem of settlement of the population, migrations and growth can be followed only through the official censuses. According to the official data from 1879 to 1988 the number of the inhabitants in the past 120 years ranged like this:
Census Year – Population
From the above table one can see that the number of inhabitants has tripled from 1879 to the present days. The growth was not continuous it depended on the political circumstances, administrative divisions, and war catastrophes. Constant migrations of the population occasionally brought the populations of different confessions while at time they caused direct confrontations between them.
Taking that the business organizations will be individually presented in this brochure, only the basic parameters will be given here. In 1990, the overall revenues of the economy amounted to about 230,000,000 convertible German Marks while, in 1997, they amounted to only around 31,000.000 convertible Marks. The main causes of the poor state of the economy are the destructions during the Civil War, loss of market, lack of floating capital, international environment, and the announced privatization.
There are various natural resources that are available in relatively large quantities if they were to be rationally exploited. The ores and mineral resources alone are respectable even for bigger geographic regions. There is, first of all, dolomite ore in Blatna with 52,400,000 tons of reserve, then gypsum mine in Petkovac the reserves of which are some 10,000,000 tons, and huge reserves of building stone and sand. The reserves of coal in Ljesljanski coal-rich basin range to some 10,000,000 tons with interbeds of belonite the reserves of which are 2,200.000 tons. The deposits or marlstone, iron ore, barite and brick clay are also known but they are not exploited because their reserves have not been established. Apart from that, there are also significant forest resources, fertile soil and potable water that is going to be the greatest wealth in the 21st century.
Based on such resources there have been developed textile. Wood, civil engineering, and metal industries. "Japra" Basic State Owned Company maintains the mining tradition, not in coal exploitation but in processing of nonmetals: dolomite, gypsum, and limestone, and production of building materials, paints, and varnishes.
A major role in the development of the Municipality of Bosanski Novi has the agriculture since it participates with one third in the overall revenues. According to the structure and quality of the soil two agricultural regions could be distinguished: the first one is in the alluvial plains of the Una and Sana rivers while the other one is in the hilly terrain of Podgrmec and Potkozarje. The alluvial plains are planted with cereals, vegetables and forage plants. In the hilly terrain of Podgrmec and Potkozarje there intertwine farming, cattle breeding, and fruit growing i.e. it is the region of cereals, fruits, vegetables, meadows and pastures, potable water, and forest areas.
Service activities in the area of trade, catering, and tourism are poorly developed. The thermal mineral waters of Ljesljani Spa are going to become the prime mover and sheet anchor of the health tourism. Further to the water analysis, it has been established that these hypothermal waters (around 33 degrees C) pertain to the category of mineral, highly alkaline, potassium-chloride waters that can be applied in prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation in case of the following diseases: skin diseases, urogenital diseases, diseases of the ortho-respiratory organs, rheumatic diseases, diseases of metabolism, gynecological diseases and in cosmetology. The Spa health Center Ljesani will certainly attract other forms of tourism as well (involving recreation, culture, monuments, excursions, and manifestations, fishing, and hunting), for which there exist all the necessary preconditions, but which have been neglected. All this will yield increased trade, higher employment of the population with the goal to decrease the unnecessary emigration from these regions.
Owing to the particularly high importance of Bosanski Novi in the traffic, road traffic has also been developed apart from the railway traffic, in which Mixed Joint-Stock "Kozaraprevoz” Company is engaged transporting passengers and goods.
Elementary education has maintained its tradition since 1856 up to these days in four central schools two of which are in Bosanski Novi and two in the villages. All of them have branch four-grade schools in major villages while the only preschool institution is "Pcelica Maja” kindergarten.
In 1921, there was founded the trading school in Bosanski Novi which after the Second World War, became "Petar Kocic" grammar school that yielded a great number of educated people. Another secondary school institution is "Djuro Radmanovic" mixed school training in the production, shop assistant and catering vocations.
In the field of information, there is only one radio station "Radio Bosanski Novi" Public Company that was founded in 1968 and was one of the four oldest radio stations in the former Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The development of sports in the Municipality of Bosanski Novi started with the foundation of "Sloboda" soccer club in 1910, which has very rich sports history. Such rich sports history resulted in the first night match under reflectors in Dobrljin way back in 1935 between "Slaven" soccer club and "Kostajnica" soccer club. After the Second World War, there were also formed: chess, handball, volleyball, basketball, and karate clubs. There is a great expansion of clubs in the rural environments as well.
The most important sacral monuments are the churches in the villages of Podgrmec and Potkozarje while the exceptional value represents the newly built Church of Peter and Paul in Bosanski Novi. The most important monuments from the Second World War arein Velika Rujiska nnd Dobrljin on Gligin Hill and in other villages.
The first cultural and educational institutions are also worth mentioning: Singing Society "Krajisnik" (1873), Reading Room, Clerks' Reading Room, and others. The first societies engaged in the cultural work were: Female Charity Society, Soko (sports movement), and Seljacka spora (i.e. peasants' unity). Today, that work is unified by Cultural and Educational Center of Bosanski Novi that includes Workers' Education Center, Hall of Culture, Museum, and Cinema. However, a better work of this institution is prevented by insufficient resources allocated to culture. The People's Library operates separately and it recently celebrated its centenary; it offers 21,000 titles to its readers of all ages.
The Company was founded on June 1, 1979, and, after several statutory and organizational changes, it has been operating as the Mixed joint-Stock KOZARAPREVOZ Company since 1991. The Company is engaged in transport of goods and passengers in public transit, suburban, and international road transport, rendering of services in road transport, trade, catering, cattle breeding, crop farming, local and international freight forwarding, and maintenance of motor vehicles including technical inspection. It also plans to extend its operations to include spa health and recreational tourism. Owing to the versatile activities it is engaged in, the Company is organized in operating units as follows:
Operating Unit "Teretni saobracaj" (i.e. cargo traffic of 23 vehicles), Operating Unit "Odrzavanje" (i.e. maintenance including technical inspection).
Operating Unit "Ljesljani" Tourist and Health Center (with 20 hectares of bought up land, with its own long-distance power line, and wells of an output of 10 liters of water per second and a pressure of 7 bars of highly alkaline, hot mineral spring).
Owing to its geographical position, Bosanski Novi Railway Junction holds an important place in the traffic and transport in the Bosnia & Herzegovina. It is situated on the border with the Republic of Croatia and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and, therefore, it is a very important crossroad: towards Zagreb and onward to the west, towards Banja Luka and further to the east, and towards Bihac and further on towards the Adriatic Sea and the Croatian ports of Split, Zadar, and Sibenik. The Railway Junction employs some 350 people. Apart from eight railway stations (Blatna, Rudice, Bosanski Novi freight depot, Svodna, Blagaj, Ravnice, and Dobrljin), it also includes nine operating units whose task is to ensure a safe, secure, and regular transport.
The specific feature of Bosanski Novi Railway Junction is the fact that it has two border stations: Dobrljin toward the Republic of Croatia, and Blatna towards the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of May, 1999, cargo transport has been officially established transport with the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina while passenger has been operating since July. Negotiations are under way with the Republic of Croatia to establish passenger transport while cargo transport is already carried out normally.
“Elektrodistribucija” Bosanski Novi operates within the Affiliated State- Owned Company for electric power distribution Elektrokrajina, Banja Luka, as one its ten operating units. For half a century of the development of Elektrokrajina. “Elektrodistribucija” (i.e. electric power distribution) Operating Unit, Bosanski Novi, through various forms of organization, has marked an important progress in the development and structure of its qualified stall, modernization of capital goods, motor fleet, and information system. With 65 employees, “Elektrodistribucija”, Bosanski Novi, services the municipalities of Bosanski Novi, Kostajnica, and Krupa on the river Una and Sanski Most (i.e. bridge on the Sana river).On the areas it covers with its services “Elektrodistribucija” has around 12,000 consumers from the household group and their number keeps increasing, and some 1,000 consumers from other categories. To them it annually supplies an average of 40 GWh of electric power. Electric power is supplied to the consumers via a great number of electric power facilities: 1,257 km of electric distribution network and 170 sub-stations. The prime goal of “Elektrodistribucija” is regular and good-quality supply of electric power to the consumers. Upon reconstruction of the electric power facilities in 1998-1999, after they had suffered huge damages during the military actions, the conditions were created for the electric power to be of good quality and supplied regularly. “Elektrodistribucija” Operating Unit of Bosanski Novi with the assistance of Affiliated State-Owned Company) Elektrokrajina, Banja Luka, endeavors to overcome all the difficulties and problems encountered in its operations, mostly caused by military actions. In this effort they certainly have the support of their consumers.
Pracenje trenda savremene zenske mode omogucilo je "Sani" izvoz na inostrano trziste. Kvalitet proizvoda potrvdjuju priznanja osvojena na brojnim domacim i medjunarodnim sajmovima mode.
Terminal and Telecom – Bosanski Novi
Maintenance, reconstruction, and extension of telecommunications facilities (telephone networks, automatic telephone exchanges, and transmission equipment).
Types of telephone exchanges:
Nodal telephone exchange in Bosanski Novi type AXE 10 with 2,048 subscribers and eight terminal exchanges that cover a wider territory of the Municipality (DKTS 21 ... 23 and ARK 314) interfaced with the telephone system of an overall capacity of 5,000 subscribers.
Number of Employees:
Being a renowned manufacturer of office furniture Lignosper company has furnished numerous Banks, post offices, hospitals: and other types of office buildings both in the country and abroad. It exports its products to Slovenia Croatia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, West European, and United States markets.
Program based on dolomite, limestone ad gypsum. To its customers it offers: Dolomite (for glass industry; fillers for asphalt mixtures, chemical and rubber industry, and ceramics: pulverized fillers; hydraulic binder “Dolomal”) Limestone (all kinds of aggregates. stone fractions for building construction, and broken stone for the railway) Gypsum (raw and burnt plaster) Concrete prefabricated products (tubes, blocks, and other concrete products. "Novikol” building construction adhesive); Asphalt mixtures, paints and varnishes (Priming paints, transparent impregnator coatings, lacquer paints, concrete paints and paints for road traffic signs, thinners).
The main activity of "Gradjevinar" (meaning building constructor) Company includes building construction, civil engineering construction, installation works and water supply)' and sewerage services. The Company was founded in 1960 and today it employs 136 workers of various profiles. It incorporates the technical, administrative, and accounting and financial sectors. "Gradjevinar" performs works all over the Bosnia & Herzegovina and it is about to sign contracts.
The production on program of UNAMETAL includes: manufacture and erection of steel structures, roofing and face works using aluminum sheets, building construction fittings, silos, cisterns and tanks, car trailers, tractor cattle trailers, industrial courtyard metal fences with gates, agricultural implements and machines (hammer mills, corn shellers, circular saws), electric quartz heaters, garbage containers (5 and 7m³ open and closing types), equipment for parks and prefabricated and collapsible garages.
Radio Bosanski Novi station was founded further to the Decision of the Municipal Assembly of Bosanski Novi on December 27, 1968. It was the fourth radio station in the former Bosnia and Herzegovina at the time. For the thirty years of its operations it has contributed a great deal to production and broadcasting of information, educational, cultural, and music programs.
Accommodated in a quiet and greenery, UNA Hotel is right place for vacationing of its guests. If offers comfortable rooms with 60 beds. It offers good cuisine, a wide choice of drinks, and pleasant atmosphere in its restaurant with 60 seats. It organizes celebrations, wedding receptions, and anniversaries at favorable prices
Customs Office – Bosanski Novi
Sirok asortiman mjesovite robe. ODTP "Krajinapromet", proglasena firmom postoji i uspjesno posluje od 1979. Osnovne djelatnosti su trgovina na veliko i malo mjesovitom robom, uvoz i izvoz.
Preduzece ima 105 zaposlenih i raspolaze sa 38,000 m³ vlastitog prostora, na jedinstvenoj lokaciji koja je savremeno izgradjena i opremljena. Na porvsini od preko 10,000 m² nalaze se skladista za gradjevinske materijale, kao i za promet bijelom tehnikom, tekstilom i drugom robom, povezana vlastitim kolosjekom. Ostali znacajni objekti su: savremeni distributivni centar, hladnjaca kapaciteta oko 500 tona za promet voca, povrca, suhomesnatih i mlijecnih proizvoda i silos za zito kapacitata oko 5,000 tona.Odrzavanje cistoce i zelenila.
Opstina Bosanski Novi je 1951. formirala preduzece "Cistoca", koja je 1964. godine preraslo u Komunalno javno preduzece "Komus" Bosanski Novi.
Kao preduzece od posebnog interesa za grad, sa 52 zaposlena pruza sledece usluge:
- proizvodnja i distribucija vode za industriju i gradjane
- odvod otpadnih i oborinskih voda- prikupljanje i deponovanje smeca
- javna higijena grada, koja pored ciscenja javno prometnih povrsina i odvoza smeca sa ulica
- ukljucuje i pranje javno prometnih povrsina, ciscenje slivnika, odrzavanje zelenila i zimsku sluzbu
- odrzavanje higijene pijace i trznice, staranje o redu na zelenoj, stocnoj i buvljoj pijaci- usluge pijace i trznice
- pogrebne usluge.
- prikupljanje stednih uloga u domacoj i stranoj valuti,
Apoteka - Ustanova sa tradicijom
Briga za sigurnost gradjanaOlicnoj i imovinskoj sigurnosti gradjana, na podrucju opstine Bosanski Novi brigu vode policajci Stanice javne bezbjednosti Bosanski Novi, koji profesionalnim izvrsavanjem postavljenih zadataka daju pun doprinos povoljnomo stanju bezbjednosti na ovom podrucju.
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